44th National Táncház Festival & Fair • 4–6 April 2025
Starting page: 13
Traditional dance of Apátfalva, Hungary. This article addresses a question arising from recent study of a 1956 film document (film number Ft 277 in the archive) of the well-known and well-documented traditional dancers of Apátfalva: Kardos István and his wife Baka Julianna dancing the fast ("frisses") csárdás of their village of Apátfalva. The issue here is that this film shows a change of basic emphasis that occurs for the fast csárdás – namely the dance clearly changes to a so-called ’down emphasis’. The dance house movement has however, for the past 50 years taught this dance with an ’up emphasis’ throughout the dance (the slow and fast sections of the dance). Whether a dance is danced with ’up or down emphasis’ is a fundamental aspect of Hungarian traditional dance. Other film documentation of this particular dance was compared to check for this change in emphasis. This issue arose in the process of adding sound to the 1956 silent film and demonstrates the kinds of questions that can arise from the process. The village of Apátfalva is located in Csongrád County in the southeastern corner of Hungary - the ’southern plains region’. By Galát Péter professional folk dancer and dance teacher, employed of Hungarian Heritage House’s folklore documentation center.