English Table of Contents 2016/5
Kallós Zoltán turns 90 – This writing expresses deep esteem for Kallós’ lifework and strives to sum up the many, many ways he has enriched and contributed to the dance house movement; one might even wonder – without him would there have been a dance house movement at all? He was born and still resides in Transylvania. Kallós’ years as a school teacher in Transylvania and Moldavia, his influence, collection work, intelligence, knowledge, far-reaching contacts in the Transylvanian village communities amongst the traditional musicians, singers and dancers, his willingness to share, and the forethought and dedication shown in establishing the infrastructure (a foundation, museum) necessary for carrying on, passing on and preserving traditions. By Kiss Ferenc.
New publication: Kallós Zoltán világa, Helikon, Budapest, 2016 – by journalist, historian Ablonczy Bálint and photographer Korniss Péter. This book – Kallós Zoltan’s World – is a celebration of the rich life and work of this well-known Transylvanian folk music, song, folk art collector; key figure in Hungary and Transylvania’s dance house movement. Kallós celebrated his 90th birthday this year.
In Memoriam – Dr. Nagymarosy András – died in September, 2016, following an extended illness. He was 67. "Ánti" was founding member and double bass player for Kalamajka Ensemble. He played with the group throughout the 31 years of their existence. He was also a geologist, an expert on wines and wine writer. Hetényi Milán’s remembers his father, growing up with Kalamajka and the Molnár utca dance house.
Járdányi Pál (Budapest: 1920–1966) – a whole year is not enough to honour the life work of this Erkel and Kossuth award winning composer, music educator, ethnographer and folk music researcher. He studied under the best: Rajeczky, Zathureczky, Kodály, Kósa, Bárdos, Lajtha. He is known for his folk music collection and monographic work on Transylvanian village of Kide. He once wrote: "...Bartók and Kodály didn’t learn folk song from books, written music, the radio or gramophone; they found folk song in its own environment sung by people in the village, on farms and in the fields...". By Fehér Anikó.
Conversation with Liber Endre (cymbalom, viola) as Tükrös Band celebrates 30 years playing traditional Hungarian folk music. Since "tükrös" in Hungarian means "mirror” – Endre describes the essence of the band: "... every member of our band – would like to reflect (or mirror) the ideal we have formed of the playing of the best village musicians..." Tükrös Band gave an anniversary concert at the Palace of the Arts (MÜPA) in Budapest on October 28th, 2016 – after which everyone partied till dawn at the Fonó. Excerpts from interview by Török Ferenc found on: ritmuseshang.blog.hu.
Since 1991 it has been possible to earn an accredited college level diploma in folk music in Nyíregyháza. Over the years the name of the institution of higher education there has changed, the course of study and diploma offered have also changed several times; but the possibility for studying folk music has been ongoing. The diploma program has emphasized teaching folk music/singing. This is a summary of 25 years of the Nyíregyháza folk music teaching diploma programs and present status. By Ferencziné Ács Ildikó.
Interview with folk dance choreographer, dynamic artistic director of the Honvéd Ensemble Zsuráfszky Zoltán Sr, upon turning 60 and on the eve of the retrospective program of his work performed on September 26th, 2016 at Budapest’s Erkel Theatre. Zsuráfszky talks about his schooling at the Academy of Ballet, his dance masters, Martin György, ensembles he has danced in and directed, basics of choreographing traditional folk dance and more... By Kutszegi Csaba first published 2016 Sept. 24 at: tanckritika.hu.
The Téka Ensemble celebrated it’s 40th birthday with an all-out concert in the main hall of the Academy of Music in Budapest. Téka was amongst the first bands in the early days of Budapest’s dance house movement; their Friday night dance houses at Almássy tér were monumental. Their summer camps have have provided the community to learn and practice all manner of folk arts for as many years. They have travelled the world performing Hungarian folk music. Their anniversary concert featured their present line-up of musicians and repertoire, as well as previous band members, musician friends and the bagpipe and hurdy-gurdy bands. Report: Szász József Árpád – Üsztürü.
Interview with award winning photographer, ethnographic researcher Kunkovács László (born 1942, Endrőd, Hungary). Much of his work has focused on documenting ancient traditional occupations such as shepherding, fishing, and so on. He has travelled extensively in Hungary and points eastward in this pursuit. A recent publication: Pásztoremberek. Budapest, Cser Kiadó, 2013. Interview by Grozdits Károly.
In Memoriam: Bognár József (1951–2016), born in Tab; he lived in Pécs from 1970 on and was an active choreographer, dancer and graphics artist. In 1974 he got his diploma from the Teacher’s Training College in Pécs. He worked with the Pécs Ballet, Baranya Dance Ensemble and more. He is sorely missed in his community.
Models of Tradition – An examination of traditional Hungarian Transylvanian commmunities: the village of Szék/Sic and Kalotaszeg (the villages of Inaktelke/Inucu and Kispetri/Petrinzel) and why and how tradition has been upheld in these places particularly. By Nagy Olga reprinted from: A törvény szorításában. Paraszti értékrend és magatartásformák [Under Pressure of the Law – Peasant scales of values and forms of behavior]. Gondolat Kiadó, Budapest. 1989. Pp 19-25.
New Publication: Pávai, István: „A Sóvidék népzenéje – The Folk Music of Sóvidék”, MTA BTK Hungarian Institute of Musicology and Hungarian Heritage House. Budapest. 2016. Includes DVD-ROM with archival examples. In Hungarian and English. Sóvidék is the name of a sub-region of Transylvania’s Székelyföld, in Romania. The author is from Transylvania and has strong family ties to this particular area.
Part One: I See My Life Isn’t So Beautiful ... Approaching Szék from a different angle – this long literary piece begins as a contemporary road trip travelling by van from Budapest to Szék. Along the way we get lots of insight on making this trip today, the differences between Hungary and Romania, the state of the construction business since Romania entered the EU in 2007 and after the economic crisis of 2008... Written by two Transylvanian writers: Simó Márton and Széki Soós János.
Part IV – Documents from the life of the Bukovina Székely Hungarians relocated from Bukovina to Bácska/Bačka (in Serbia’s Voivodina region) in 1941. In 1944 and ’45 however, the Bukovina Hungarians had to flee from Bácska and go north to Hungary. Eventually they were allowed to settle mainly in Tolna, Somogy, Zala and Fejér counties in homes vacated by Swabian Hungarians that had been deported to Germany or sent to do forced labour in the Soviet Union in the aftemath of W.W.II.. Excerpts of governmental regulations from early 1945 stating who had to do forced labour, and whose land would be confiscated – are printed here. Series by Kóka Rozália.
Culinary Traditions – Soups of the Armenians of Transylvania’s Gyergyó Region. Armenians first arrived to Transylvania in the 1600s. Their descendents have been living there ever since. Specialties of the Armenian kitchen are still prepared today in the region. Hurut soups are described here. Hurut (or churut) is a traditionally prepared and dried seasoning for soups. Includes bibliography. By Juhász Katalin.