English Table of Contents 2016/6
Conversation with Eredics Gábor (born 1955, Budapest) – new director of Dankó Rádió. Since 2012 Dankó Radió, an MTVA state-run radio station, has been broadcasting “Hungarian nóta”, Gypsy music, Hungarian operetta and folk music. Its new director Eredics Gábor is accordion, bassprim tambura player and founding member of the Vujicsics Ensemble. He teaches at the Liszt Academy of Music. We hear about his music training, how he got involved in Balkan folk music and his career to date. By Grozdits Károly.
Szökős Folk Dance Ensemble (of Szombathely, Hungary) performed in August 2016 at the 48th Festival of Highland Folklore in Zakopane, Poland in the Tatra Mountains. Groups from 15 countries of the world participated. Szökős Ensemble’s half hour program included dances from the Vas, Nógrád and Kalotaszeg regions to live music by the Sárarany Band. The group returned appropriately impressed by the dances of the Gorale people of the Zakopane region. By artistic director, Molnár Péter.
Part I: At the dance in Forrószeg. Excerpts from the memoires of Kocsis Rózsi (born Szék 1932/died 1999). Rózsi describes the dances she went to in her neighborhood of Szék as a girl. We hear about the customs around paying and feeding the musicians, how the dances were organized, the social rules for a girl’s behaviour at the dance, asking a girl to dance, how she was obliged to accept and when boys from another neighborhood in Szék came to the dance in their neighborhood. Selected from the 1997 publication, Erdélyi Gondolat Könyvkiadó, Székelyuvarhely/Odorheiu Secuiesc, Romania.
Tükrös Band gave a concert at the Palace of the Arts (MÜPA) in Budapest on October 28th, 2016 – the concert marked the band’s 30th birthday. Tükrös could be described as a ’second generation’ dance house movement band (assuming Muzsikás is first generation). Their anniversary concert presented an extremely tasteful program of traditional village music (with a bit of dance) from: Magyarpalatka/Pălatca, Szék/Sic, Bonchida/Bonțida, Nagysajó/Șieu, Péterlaka/Petrilaca de Mureș, Magyaró/Aluniș and Ádámos/Adămuș – all in Transylvania; and Hungary’s Szatmár region. Review by Szász József Árpád / Üsztürü.
Hungarian folk dance researcher, Maácz László (1929–1998) writes about his first experiences doing field work collecting traditional dance in rural Hungary in the early 1950s, when poverty ruled the lives of people in a countryside still reeling from WWII and adjusting to life under the regime of the period. First published in 1982, this is an excerpt from “Maácz” (Ed: Fügedi János, Szélpál-Sajtai Éva. L’Harmattan, Institute of Musicology, Budapest. 2015. pp 87-90).
Traditional fiddler Zerkula János (1927–2008) of Transylvania’s Gyimes region describes playing for weddings in his area. He played regularly for local weddings throughout his life and here he describes mainly weddings of the past. The interview was done in 1986 by Szávai József.
The Hungarian Geographic Museum (Érd, Budai út 4, H-2030 Hungary) is situated some 20 km west of Budapest. Amongst other things, the museum houses collections of Hungarian explorers and adventurers. Also found there is a collection of photographs connected to the name (but not necessarily photographed by) Erdélyi Mór. The photographs, documenting peasant life in Hungary at the end of the 19th – beginning of the 20th century, are featured in this issue of folkMAGazin. Interview with Dr. Kubassek János, geographer and director of the museum. By Grozdits Károly.
A Hungarian language lyceum (school) has been founded in Szamosújvár/Gherla, Cluj County, Transylvania, Romania. The lyceum is the result of a program begun 17 years ago by TÉKA Foundation for securing education in Hungarian for Hungarian children of the Mezőség Region of Transylvania. Opening ceremonies for the school were held on September 16th, 2016. Report by Balász-Bécsi Attila and Juhos-Kiss János.
The Bihari János Folk Dance Ensemble is an award winning amateur folk dance group based in Budapest’s 7th district. In September the group travelled to China to perform in the cities of Xi’an and Beijing. Travel log by Bihari member, Boross Sándor.
Part Two: I See My Life Isn’t So Beautiful ... Approaching Szék from a different angle – this long literary piece begins as a contemporary road trip travelling by van from Budapest to Szék. Along the way we get lots of insight on making this trip today, the differences between Hungary and Romania, the state of the construction business since Romania entered the EU in 2007 and after the economic crisis of 2008... Written by two Transylvanian writers: Simó Márton and Széki Soós János.
Part V – Documents from the life of the Bukovina Székely Hungarians 1945–1948. This group of people was relocated from Bukovina to Bácska/Bačka (in Serbia’s Voivodina region) in 1941. In 1944 and ’45 the Bukovinians had to flee from Bačka to Hungary. Eventually they were allowed to settle in homes vacated by Swabian Hungarians that were deported to Germany or had been sent to do forced labour in the Soviet Union in the aftermath of WWII. Four personal accounts are printed here illustrating the difficult and tragic situations created when Swabian Hungarians had to leave their homes suddenly and Bukovina Hungarian families moved into them. Series by Kóka Rozália.
Culinary traditions of the Transylvanian Armenians – Christmas and the New Year. Armenians arrived to Transylvania in two waves: one during the 1600s and the second at the beginning of the 20th century. Some of the foods described are for the advent fasting period, others are for the holidays themselves. Mentioned are: maslin (a fruit dish), pilaf (a rice dish), tahin (a crepe), dolmat (stuffed cabbage or grape leaves), sulig, mahok, stuffed fish, anusabur (a sweet soup), pachlava, a sweet made with rose petals and halva. By Juhász Katalin.