|English Table of Contents 2013/2
Sad news that Jaskó István “Pitti” of Györgyfalva/Gheorgheni (Transylvania, Romania) passed away in February (1929-2013). Jaskó István was named Hungarian Master of Folk Arts in 1998. He was not only an outstanding traditional dancer, but also a village tailor and farmer. He made his own ‘room museum’ to display local tradition. Films of his dancing are in the Hungarian folk dance archives. A wellknown, willing ethnographic informant, and an endlessly kind and personable human
being. Remembered by Busai Norbert.
On the heels of Hungary’s enlightenment period of the 1700s, going into the reform period – dancing master, actor and choreographer Szőllősy Szabó Lajos was born in 1803 in the village of Kiskászon [Caşinu Mic] in Transylvania. By 1821 he was in Hungary travelling with a theatre company from Gyöngyös. During his career he travelled the entire Hungarian language area performing and teaching dance. An important figure in Hungarian dance history, his famous choreographies were: “A haramiák”, “Nagyidai lakodalom”, “Négyes magyar táncz”, “Körtánc”. Szőllősy died in 1882. By choreographer and former artistic director of the Honvéd Ensemble, Novák Ferenc. Includes list of sources.
Hommage to Lajtha László (1892-1963): a composer, pianist, conductor, who did research on folk music and dance, was member of the French Academy of the Arts and taught at the Hungarian Academy of Music. He did important research on traditional instrumental Transylvanian music. When collection work in Transylvania became impossible after WW II, in 1953 he began doing folk music research in Western Hungary’s Vas and Sopron Counties. By Antal László.
The World Folkloriada 2012 was held in South Korea. Folkloriada is a huge gathering of folk ensembles from all over the world, held every four years and organized by a hosting country and CIOFF [International Council of Organizations of Folklore Festivals and Folk Arts]. In the fall of 2012, Hungary sent a delegation from CIOFF-Hungary and an “all-star ensemble” to the South Korea Folkloriada. The all-star ensemble consisted of dancers selected from four amateur Hungarian ensembles (Forrás, Alba Regia, Kéve, Nyírség), with Szigetvári József as director. Report by Szigetvári József.
2013 summer camps and workshops in Hungary and surrounding countries.
Part 2. Kóka Rozália’s series: Portraits of Hungarians from outside Hungary’s borders who have devoted their lives to keeping Hungarian tradition alive. Jókai Mária – born in 1937 in the village of Felsőaha, since incorporated into the town of Verebély [Vrable] in Western Slovakia. Mária taught school in the town of Gímes/Ghymes [Jelenec] from 1962 until retirement. She has spent her life teaching, directing/organizing the local women’s chorus, collecting information and writing books on local tradition and keeping local Hungarian tradition alive. She is still active with the regional house-museum in Verebély [Vrable] and has plans to publish further books on local tradition.
The Transylvanian village of Szék [Sic] during the years of WW II. When German troops, after that the Russian troops marched through the village, the villagers dug bunkers outside of town where several families could spend the nights hiding. Sometimes they hid in the surrounding hills, or went to friends’ places off the main road hoping to hide their daughters from the soldiers, and not to find their own homes totally ransacked when they returned... Another selection from Kocsis Rózsi’s memoires (born in Szék 1932/died 1999), by Juhos Kiss Sándor, Juhos-Kiss János.
Remembering Hungarian dance historian, folk dance researcher, choreographer Pesovár Ernő (1926–2008). Pesovár worked with Martin György to develop a system for scientific analysis of Hungarian folk dances. He is also remembered for his role in fostering the tradition preserving groups, as president of the Muharay Folk Arts Association, and his ongoing activities in the Dunántúl region. Tribute by Antal László.
On October 26th, 2012 the first Zórándi Mária Meeting of young folk dancers was held in Budapest. Young people studying to be professional folk dancers arrived from five different schools (Nyíregyháza, Békéscsaba, Fót, and Burattino and the Hungarian Academy of Dance in Budapest). The event is named after the late Zórándi Mária (1956-2011) – director of the folk dance department,then rector of the Hungarian Academy of Dance. The meeting provided opportunity for students to meet and perform, and for participating institutions to build contacts. It was a showcase where specialists in the profession could view the next generation of professional folk dancers. Discussions between directors of professional folk dance companies were also organized. Reports by Hortobágyi Gyöngyvér – department head – Hungarian Academy of Dance; and Szilágyi Zsolt – director, dance department, Nyíregyháza College of the Arts.
Széki Soós János writes great stories from his childhood in the Transylvanian village of Szék [Sic]. This is a tale of the complexities and absurdities of life in Szék during the Ceauşescu era. He weaves in accounts of the technique necessary for handing over “gifts” to the local “milicista”, how and when his parents spoke aloud of matters related to such gifts, of how his uncle became a church builder, and the time he went on an errand with the local “milicista” and a member of the secret police.
Sütő András: excerpt from [Weekdays on the Cross] from the novel ‘Anyám könnyű álmot ígér’. Sütő (1927–2006) was a Transylvanian Hungarian writer, and politician in Romania; one of the leading Hungarian writers of the 20th century. This selection is full of symbolism and references to song, music, dance, the wedding, family, and death. „…because we’re trains, decked with flowers on the front, that rush clattering into the station, then into death and love…” 1971. Kriterion Press, Bucharest.
New publication/ announcement: Jávorszky Béla Szilárd: A magyar folk története [A history of folk music, the dance house and world music in Hungary]. In Hungarian. Kossuth Kiadó and Hungarian Heritage House. 2013. Budapest. ISBN:978-963-09-7486-8
Jávorszky is a Hungarian journalist, editor and rock historian. When Hungary’s dance house method was added to UNESCO’s list of exemplary methods for preserving tradition in 2011, he decided to write this book to provide an overview of the now 40 year old revival movement – not only for the movement itself, but also for the general public.
On November 20th, 2012 the Vadrózsa Folk Dance Ensemble of Budapest’s Angyalföld district celebrated their 20th anniversary with a performance to a full house at the 13rd District’s RaM Colosseum. The performance included all ages of Vadrózsa dancers and the best choreographies of the ensemble’s past and present repertoires. Present artistic directors/choreographers: Hortobágyi Ivett and Fundák Kristóf. Report by Perger Éva.
Discussion of traditional children’s folk games and child development. The traditional games are an excellent educational tool handed down from generation to generation. „…by playing [such games] children developed skills for communication and handling conflict; learned to accept rules and discipline; gained self-discipline, body awareness, movement skills, a sense of identity, numbers, environment and social relationships…”. By Mrs. Budai Balatoni Katalin.
List of artists from dance house circles who received state awards of recognition and excellence on March 15th, 2013 – to name a few: Zsuráfszky Zoltán, Szvorák Katalin, Csík Band, Dr. Andrásfalvy Bertalan, Dr. Halmos Béla, Kása Béla. For more complete list of names see article in Hungarian.