English Table of Contents 2012/4
In the spring of 2012 a new center for local culture and ethnography opened in the town of Várasfenes/Finiş located in Western Romania’s Bihor County. The center is named after the Hungarian ethnographer Györffy István who did extensive and groundbreaking research in the region 100 years ago. An exhibition of 100 of Györffy’s archival photographs was organized in celebration of the event. Report by Gebauer Hanga.
Erdélyi Tibor celebrates his 80th birthday. Erdélyi grew up in the village of Uszka, up in the northeastern corner of Hungary. He moved to Budapest at the age of 16. Accompanying a dance group on his zither, he also started dancing with the group, and in 1951 was discovered by director of the State Folk Ensemble, Rábai Miklós who invited him to join the Ensemble. Erdélyi has been soloist in the State Ensemble, leader of the Duna, Vadrózsa and Tisza Ensembles. He has taught dance, choreographed, is also well-known for his wood carvings and holds numerous state awards in recognition of his artistry in all these areas. Congratulatory speech by Mihályi Gábor (current artistic director of the State Folkdance Ensemble).
Dances of the Sóvidék region (Székelyföld, Transylvania). Lőrincz Lajos – former director of the Maros Dance Ensemble (the National Székely Folk Ensemble) and also native of the village of Korond – gives a beautiful description of the dancing in his village – mentioning not only steps, figures, posture, improvisation and relationship to the music, but the local customs, village people, various age groups, the relationships between people and much more. As told to Sebő Ferenc.
Message to the past
In the form of a letter to the Transylvanian village musicians that have already passed away, this is a report on the 7th Meeting of Transylvanian Dance House Musicians. It was held on May 17-20, 2012 at the village skanzen (museum) in Borospataka in the Gyimes Valley, Eastern Transylvania. By Szász Lőrinc of the Üsztürü Band.
On the village of Tavankút/Tavankut, located in the northern Bácska region of Vojvodina in Serbia, and the culture of the Bunyevác ethnic group that still lives there.Report following a dance workshop there attended by Szávai József.
Part II of Artistic directions of the Hungarian folk dance movement – Continues with an engaging discussion of folk dance choreography that draws on the “pure source” or those two categories Novák refers to as “dramatic” dances and “symphonic” folk dance choreographies. “Our choreographers (...) never wanted to resign themselves to having folk dance serve merely as a curiosity to indulge (...) tourists”. An essay by choreographer Novák Ferenc – published in 1979.
Traditional houses of Rajasthan
The Rajasthani Langa musicians live in the Thar Desert in northwestern India. This is a description of the traditional houses there. The houses are made of mud and are used primarily for cooking and sleeping. Photos and descriptions by Ábrahám Judit.
The life story of Cseresnyés Magdolna whose parents were Hungarians from the town of Verbász/Vrbas, today in the Vojvodina region of Serbia. Her grandfather was one of more than 300 Hungarians that were executed there in 1944-45. Kóka Rozália’s series on fates of Hungarian women.
Village Cain. This story is prefaced by a quote from the bible: Genesis 4, 10.- 11: “And he said, What hast thou done? The voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground. And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand.” Grozdits Károly
“New Style” Folk Songs. An academic article that briefly discusses what Hungarian folk music researchers refer to as “old style” Hungarian folk songs, then goes on to describe the “new style” folk songs, their development, structure and two locations in Transylvania where the new style caught on later. Definitions of these two categories of folk song were developed by Bartók in the first half of the 20th century and based on his folk music research. In past years the focus of Hungarian folk music research has been mainly on the old style songs. Includes resources. By Almási István.
List of dance houses, courses, folk clubs for the 2012-2013 season.
Traditional Hungarian Foods. Three foods described in 1908 by Count Zichy István (1879-1951) on a trip to the herds in Bugac Puszta (Central Hungary): tarhó – a kind of yoghurt made usually from cow’s milk and eaten for breakfast by the herders; lebbencs is pasta made in flat sheets then broken, rather than cut, into smaller leaves. It is often used in soups. Kása is a polenta-like dish made with barley, millet, wheat, buckwheat or corn – depending on what was customary in the region. It was eaten either as a side-dish with meat, or as a main dish. By Juhász Katalin.
When young men in Szék were called into the military... Kocsis Rózsi, born in Szék/Sic on August 7, 1932, remembers the events leading up to the moment when boys her age left for the army, how they looked, what they wore, what they sang, how they sounded, how they danced, what people said and how she felt... From her memoires in celebration of the 80th anniversary of her birth.